What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a disorder that is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain that is probably amplified by the way the brain processes pain signals. Fibromyalgia may appear following a trauma to the body or major psychological stress, but symptoms may also accumulate over a period of time.
Researchers believe it is likely that repeated nerve stimulation causes changes to the brain, including an increase in the brain chemicals that signal pain and an increased sensitivity in the pain receptors, causing them to overreact.
Women are more prone to developing it than men. There is no cure, but medication can control symptoms, along with relaxation and stress-reduction or exercise.
Fibromyalgia Disorder Symptoms
Fibromyalgia often co-exists with other medical issues, such as irritable bowel syndrome, interstitial cystitis or migraine headaches.
Major symptoms of fibromyalgia include:
- Fatigue. Fibromyalgia sufferers often awaken tired, even if they have had plenty of sleep. They may experience pain during sleep and often have other sleep disorders, such as restless leg syndrome and sleep apnea.
- Cognitive issues. Difficulty in focusing, paying attention or concentrating on mental tasks is common; it is termed “fibro fog.”
- Widespread pain. Pain lasts for more than three months and is generally a dull ache. For classification as fibromyalgia, pain must occur on both sides of the body and both above and below the waist.
Ketamine and Fibromyalgia
Ketamine is currently an experimental treatment for fibromyalgia pain. By targeting NDMA receptors that transmit pain signals, it may help the body to reset itself and provide some short-term relief.
It also activates opium receptors and increases the levels of other chemicals that lower pain, such as norepinephrine and serotonin, so the combination of these actions may contribute to the reset.
If Ketamine for fibromyalgia is given intravenously at the proper dosage, it provides patients with immediate relief.