BIPOLAR DISORDER DEPRESSION

What is Bipolar Disorder Depression?

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depressive illness. It is a brain disorder that causes you to have unusual shifts in energy, activity level, mood and the ability to carry out daily tasks. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder that each cause clear changes in mood, energy and activity level:

  • Bipolar I disorder
  • Bipolar II disorder
  • Cyclothymic disorder.
  • Other types.
Bipolar Disorder Depression Symptoms

The sufferer has moods that go from elated and energized behaviour, the manic episodes, to sad, hopeless feelings — the depressive episodes. Less severe manic episodes are called hypomanic episodes. These drastic swings in mood and behaviour are much more extreme than one would see in someone without this disorder.

In a high energy, elated state, the person suffering from bipolar depressive disorder may also:

  • Talk really fast about a lot of different things.
  • Feel like thoughts are going very fast.
  • Do risky things, like spending a lot of money or having reckless sex.
  • Be agitated, touchy or irritable.
  • Think they can do a lot of things at once.

In a low energy, depressive state, the person suffering from bipolar depressive disorder may also:

  • Have decreased activity levels.
  • Feel like they can’t enjoy anything.
  • Have trouble sleeping, they may sleep too little or too much.
  • Forget things a lot.
  • Feel worried and empty.
  • Have trouble concentrating.
  • Eat too much or too little.
Ketamine and Bipolar Disorder Depression

Ketamine is a drug that has been around since the 1960s. It is commonly used in hospital emergency rooms as an anesthetic in setting broken bones for children, and it is also used in burn units.

For more than a decade, studies have reported that ketamine is also effective in reversing severe depression that is resistant to traditional anti-depressants. It is reputed to yield a quick antidepressant effect, by contrast to traditional drugs, which often don’t have an impact for a couple of weeks. It has also been shown to have a quick impact in bipolar depression disorder.

The American Psychiatric Association has created a task force that is studying ketamine use and creating a potential protocol for administering it.

Treatment options for Bipolar Disorder

Treatment for bipolar disorder is best guided by a medical professional such as a psychiatrist. Your treatment team may also include a psychologist, social worker and psychiatric nurse. Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition. Treatment is directed at managing symptoms. Depending on your needs, treatment may include:

Lifestyle changes and home remedies

  • Quit drinking or using recreational drugs.
  • Form healthy relationships.
  • Create a healthy routine.
  • Check first before taking other medications.
  • Consider keeping a mood chart.

Medications for Bipolar Disorder

  • Mood stabilizers.
  • Antipsychotics.
  • Antidepressants.
  • Antidepressant-antipsychotic.
  • Anti-anxiety medications.

Psychotherapy for Bipolar Disorder

  • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT).
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
  • Psychoeducation.
  • Family-focused therapy.

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