ANXIETY/ ANXIETY DISORDER
What is Anxiety Disorder?
Anxiety disorder refers to worry is more than temporary; instead, it doesn’t go away and gets worse over time. These feelings can interfere with daily activities.
Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
There are three types of anxiety disorder: generalized, panic and social.
Generalized anxiety disorder refers to excessive worry that lasts for months and manifests itself in various anxiety-related symptoms, including irritability; difficulty concentrating; irritability; fatigue; and muscle tension.
Panic disorder is defined by unexpected panic attacks that recur and are characterized by symptoms such as a pounding heart, shortness of breath, a choking sensation, sweating, shaking or trembling. These attacks bring with them feelings of intense fear, of being out of control, worry about the onset of another attack and potential avoidance of sites where previous attacks occurred.
Social anxiety disorder, or social phobia, can prevent an individual from having a healthy social life, because he/she is fearful of social or performance situations, expecting to be judged or rejected by others or afraid of offending them.
The many potential symptoms of anxiety disorder include worrying for days or weeks about an upcoming social event; sweating, blushing or trembling around others; feeling extremely anxious in social situations and having difficulty talking to others; or finding it difficult to make and keep friends.
Anxiety disorders often co-exist with other mental health conditions, such as depression.
Ketamine and Anxiety/Anxiety Disorder:
A recent study conducted at the University of Otago in New Zealand, published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, has shown that ketamine rapidly relieved anxiety disorder in patients who weren’t concurrently depressed, with effects that lasted up to a week.
Anxiety disorder is often associated with glutamate abnormalities in the brain, and ketamine blocks the NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartate) glutamate receptor in the brain. Because ketamine is fat soluble, it is effective at penetrating the brain.
The drug is administered using an IV drip and patients receive only about a tenth of the dose used in anesthesia. In the U.S., doctors are free to prescribe it off label. Ketamine clinics can administer ketamine for anxiety disorder.